Become a Roofer

Roofer uses their skills to install or repair the roofs of buildings. Structures would be exposed to water damage and other environmental hazards without their work.


These professionals typically wake up early to start the day and often spend a large part of their day on the job navigating ladders and other equipment. They also frequently attend safety meetings and training sessions.

Roofers install, repair, and replace roofs on commercial or residential buildings. They work with a variety of materials, including shingles, tiles, slates, bitumen, and metal sheets. These professionals may also work on other parts of a building, such as walls, chimneys, and gutters. Some of their duties include inspecting a roof, repairing leaks, and installing insulation and vapor barriers. They usually receive on-the-job training from experienced roofers.

The job of a roofer is challenging, and they often work in inclement weather. They also need to wear protective clothing and equipment. Because of these hazards, it is important that roofers take safety seriously. They should always follow the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) guidelines for their industry. Those who do not follow these guidelines may face serious penalties, such as fines or even prison time.

In addition, roofers must have excellent balance and physical stamina to perform their tasks. They frequently climb steep slopes at significant heights, and they must be able to carry heavy loads of materials. They also must be able to work quickly and safely to meet deadlines. Moreover, they should be comfortable working in hot conditions.

Besides the physical demands of this profession, roofers need to have strong communication skills and attention to detail. They must be able to plan and execute projects efficiently, purchase the right materials, and supervise other workers. They should also be able to recognize and troubleshoot issues that arise during the course of the project. Additionally, they need to be able to handle pressure well and maintain good relationships with their co-workers.

If you enjoy construction, this is a rewarding career option for you. It can also be a great way to earn a good salary. In addition, you get to see the fruits of your labor on a daily basis. This is different from many other careers where you do not get to see the results of your efforts very often.

Besides these benefits, you will also gain extensive knowledge of the construction industry as a whole. This will allow you to pursue a long-term career in other areas of the field, such as project management or estimating.

Education and Training Requirements

Whether for homes, hospitals or businesses, roofers help to keep indoor areas protected and covered. To install or repair roofs, they have to work at great heights and must be able to complete their tasks in all types of weather. They are also required to have strong communication skills in order to interact with clients and provide estimates. If you’re considering a career as a roofer, you can earn your high school diploma or equivalent and attend trade school to learn the skills you need. You can also enter the field through an apprenticeship program sponsored by a union, which will give you on-the-job training and pay you while you learn.

Some states require a roofing license in order to work as a contractor. These requirements usually involve showing proof of previous experience, passing an exam and obtaining insurance or a bond. Some states, like Idaho, also require registration with the state’s contractor board.

In addition to the physical strength and balance that is essential to this job, a good roofer must have excellent hand-eye coordination, attention to detail and be able to follow directions well. The ability to work in uncomfortable positions for extended periods of time is also helpful. Many employers prefer to hire applicants who are at least 18 years old, although formal education is usually not required. Taking high school courses in workshop, math, mechanical drawing and blueprint reading can help you to prepare for this career.

Many roofers get their start in the industry by working as a helper for an experienced roofer. They typically work their way up from there, learning more difficult techniques as they go. They may even have to spend four or more years on the job before they can take on their own projects.

If you want to become a roofer, it’s important to understand that this is a physically demanding job with a lot of risks. Falls are common on construction sites, and roofers are especially at risk of slipping or losing their balance and falling several stories. If you’re injured while working as a roofer, you may be eligible to file a lawsuit against the property owner or contractor responsible for your injuries.

Working Conditions

Roofers may work in a variety of environments, depending on the type of roofing project at hand. They can find employment in residential neighborhoods, at construction sites or on large commercial buildings. In the latter case, the roofers must be able to work with different types of materials and larger crews that are often required on commercial projects.

Roofers must be able to navigate the hazards of their job, such as falls from heights and electrocution. They also need to be able to handle heavy tools and equipment such as ladders and buckets of roof coating that can weigh up to 80 pounds. This can be physically exhausting, particularly for those that work in warmer weather.

A number of health conditions can plague roofers, including spinal problems and serious back pain. They can also be subject to heat-related illnesses like dehydration and heat stroke. Using tar on hot surfaces can result in burns and cuts as well. Working at high elevations can lead to traumatic brain injury or TBI, which is a serious medical condition that can have a long-term impact on quality of life and the ability to perform routine tasks.

Many roofers are employed by a roofing company or contractor, but there are also self-employed roofers who work as independent contractors. They are often called upon to do maintenance and repair on existing roofs rather than new construction. These jobs require them to be able to recognize the causes of roof leaks, wear and tear, and other issues and determine what is needed to make the roof watertight. In addition, these roofers must be able to interact with homeowners to discuss the project and answer any questions that might arise. Roofing companies also usually provide ongoing training for their roofers to keep them up-to-date with the latest roofing techniques. This helps them maintain a high level of craftsmanship and ensures the best results for their customers. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA, provides a set of guidelines that all roofers must follow to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries on the job.


Roofers get paid an average salary of $48,248 per year. This is slightly below the national average, but it still makes for a great career option. It also provides a good amount of job security and room for advancement, especially if you are able to gain more experience and education.

Another advantage of being a roofer is that you won’t need to work overtime or on weekends, unless it is during peak season. This means that you will have more free time to spend with friends and family, or to focus on a hobby. However, it is important to note that the physical nature of this job can be very exhausting. In addition, roofers may experience back and neck problems in the long term.

Being a roofer may not be ideal for people who want to save money for retirement or other life goals. This is because the roofer salary doesn’t often make it possible to live comfortably and meet other financial obligations.

Additionally, many roofers do not have access to adequate health insurance coverage, which can be a major concern if an unexpected event occurs. In addition, the risk of injury and death on the job is high. Therefore, you should carefully consider the pros and cons of this career before making a commitment.

Another benefit of being a roofer is that you will be able to see the results of your efforts on a daily basis. This can be very motivating, especially if you are not the type of person who enjoys working in traditional office environments. Moreover, being a roofer can be very fulfilling for those who like to work with their hands and want to build something of real value. On the other hand, those who prefer to work on computers or other types of desk jobs will probably become bored with this type of career pretty quickly. They may even find themselves wishing they had chosen a different career path.

Qualifications of Roofing Companies

Many homeowners choose to go with a reputable Roofing Companies for roof replacement. These contractors typically offer a service area and can schedule appointments at the client’s convenience.


The roofing industry is one of the most highly regulated in the States, and a roofer’s qualifications vary significantly from state to state. These include a contracting license, an employer identification number, and the necessary insurance coverage. Depending on where a roofing company operates, they may also require local business permits and safety inspections. It is important for a prospective roofer to understand these requirements before beginning any work.

A contractor’s license is the main qualification that a roofer must have in order to start a new roofing business. The process to obtain a contracting license varies from state to state, but in general it requires passing a trade exam and demonstrating experience and knowledge of the trade. Applicants must also have liability and workers’ compensation insurance coverage.

Depending on the location of the roofing company, an employer identification number (EIN) may be required for tax purposes. This number is typically assigned by the Internal Revenue Service, and it is essential for any business to have this number in order to file taxes accurately. Moreover, a contractor must have an EIN in order to hire employees and participate in certain government programs.

Once a roofer has all of the necessary credentials, they must decide what type of entity their business will be. Whether it is a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation or limited liability company, the choice will have significant implications for how the business is run. It is recommended that a potential roofer consult with a business attorney to determine which entity will be best for their particular situation.

Once a roofing company has all of the proper credentials and is set up as a legal entity, they must begin marketing themselves to find clients. This can be done by sending out pamphlets and fliers to homes in their targeted area, or they can use digital marketing strategies such as Google search ads and Local Services Ads. Word of mouth is also a great way to get started, and asking satisfied customers to leave online reviews can go a long way in spreading the word about a new roofing business.


Roofing is a trade that requires extensive on-the-job experience. A new roofer can benefit from shadowing experienced contractors to learn the ropes and become familiar with business practices, as well as local building codes and regulations. While a new roofer may not be able to secure contracts immediately, the time spent learning the trade will come in handy as he or she develops the business.

The first step to becoming a roofing contractor is passing a licensing exam set by your city or state. This test covers topics like the different types of roofs, roofing materials, and installation techniques. A new roofer should also seek out a training facility where he or she can practice installing a variety of roofing materials and styles. This will help him or her prepare to handle a wide range of jobs that will come up in the future.

Once a new roofer is licensed, he or she must begin seeking out customers and establishing relationships. Creating a website that displays photos and testimonials of previous roofing jobs is an effective way to generate leads. A new roofer should also keep a portfolio of his or her own work to use for sales presentations.

A well-signed vehicle with the company name and phone number on it is another good way to market the business. In addition, a roofing company should consider obtaining a merchant account that will allow it to accept credit and debit payments from its clients.

As a business grows, a new roofer should hire staff to manage clerical duties, answer phones, and perform other tasks that are vital to the success of a roofing company. It is important to maintain a high level of professionalism at all times and remember that the reputation of your roofing company is its most valuable asset.

In some cases, a roofing company may be run as a sole proprietorship, a partnership, or an LLC (limited liability corporation). A sole proprietorship is run by one owner and is taxed the same as a personal income. A partnership is a group of people who share ownership and profits in the business. A partnership is taxed the same as a joint venture. An LLC is a popular choice for many small businesses because it provides the benefits of a partnership and corporation without being subject to double taxation.


The construction industry is one of the country’s most heavily regulated sectors, including roofing. While there is no national roofing license, each state has its own licensing process for contractors. This process can require extensive training, sometimes including an apprenticeship, and often requires passing multiple exams. Some states also have requirements like background checks, moral character checks, and minimum age requirements. The process can be time-consuming and expensive, but ensuring that you are operating a safe and legitimate business is necessary.

If you want to carry out roofing jobs that exceed $4,000 in value, you will need to obtain a contractor’s license. This can be obtained from the Secretary of State. There are four different classes of licenses that you can obtain, depending on the size of the jobs that you wish to carry out. You will need to pass an exam and provide proof of insurance and worker’s compensation coverage.

Many new roofers are worried about the complicated legal processes and bookkeeping that come with owning a business. However, these tasks can be easier and less costly than you might think. There are plenty of online resources and books that can guide you through the process, and there are also accountants and other professionals who can offer advice and assistance.

There is no need to get a state-wide license for roofing contractors. However, each county has its own licensing requirements. You should check with your local government to find out what you need to do. Then you can focus on completing your work safely and efficiently. You might even find that being licensed makes you more attractive to clients because it shows that you are trustworthy and abide by the law.


Roofing is dangerous work, and it’s important for roofing contractors to carry the appropriate insurance coverage. General liability insurance will protect the business in the event that a third party is injured by work performed by the company, or property damage occurs at a job site. A roofing company might also want to consider a builder’s risk policy for ongoing construction projects. This will cover the loss of materials, equipment, and supplies against fire, theft, vandalism, and natural disasters.

Workers’ compensation insurance is mandatory in most states for businesses with employees, and roofing companies should include this in their policies. This will pay for medical costs, lost wages, and partial disability if a worker is injured on the job. Errors and omissions insurance, or professional liability insurance, is another optional coverage that will help pay for legal defense costs and settlements if a client sues over miscommunication or incomplete work.

Roofers often use vehicles to travel between jobs, and commercial auto insurance is a must for this type of small business. This coverage will pay for damages to company cars, trucks, plows, or other vehicles that are used for work. A roofing company should also consider purchasing commercial umbrella insurance, which provides additional protection against claims made against the business.

If a roofing company uses computers for billing, storing data, or processing payments, cyber liability insurance is a must-have. This policy will pay for repair and replacement costs if the business’s computer systems are hacked or compromised. Lastly, a roofing company may need to obtain a surety bond depending on the type of contracts they take on. This type of bond guarantees that the contractor will fulfill their contract if they are unable to do so due to a financial hardship.

A roofing company should shop around to find the best deals on their insurance, as premiums vary widely. Several factors go into determining the rate, including the number of employees, the insurance coverage types and limits, and prior claims history. A licensed insurance agent can help the roofing company determine what coverage is necessary and recommend a policy that fits the budget.

Types of Roofing

Roofing is the top covering for homes and buildings, protecting against rain, snow, sunlight, extreme temperatures, and winds. A roof can be built of a variety of materials.


Regardless of the type chosen, a good roof starts with an underlayment that’s a water barrier atop sheathing or decking-the- the flat boards made of oriented strand board (OSB) or plywood fastened to rafters. Read on Top Notch Roofing/Siding for more information.

Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing material used in North America. They’re designed to protect homes from the elements for decades with minimal maintenance. They are available in a variety of colors and styles, with options that can complement any home’s architectural design. They also are resistant to algae, moss, and mold.

They are made from either an organic mat or a fiberglass mat saturated with asphalt and coated on both sides with a layer of roofing granules. The granules help to reflect the sun’s harmful UV rays. This helps to lower the roof’s temperature and reduce energy bills.

Originally, they were cut from red cedar or pine but modern shingle manufacturers use wood from newer trees that don’t need to be treated with chemical preservatives. They’re also made with a fire-resistant base to ensure they meet UL (Underwriters Laboratories) and FM (Uniform Fire Code) standards.

A three-tab asphalt shingle is a great option if you’re looking for a basic, affordable roof. They offer a good amount of protection and can be found in most home improvement stores. However, if you’re ready to invest in your home’s future, consider upgrading to an architectural shingle instead. These shingles are thicker and create more definition, giving your home’s roof a more premium appearance.

These shingles are designed to last for 25 to 30 years and are ideal for steep-sloped roofs. The layered construction offers more defense against impact damage and rain. They’re also more likely to resist damage from flying debris like hail and tree branches.

The protective nature of asphalt shingles comes from the long-chain hydrocarbons impregnated in the paper. As the shingles lose their hydrocarbons over time, they begin to degrade and wash away in rainstorms. This process happens faster along eaves and ridge lines where water is more channeled.

Premium shingles, also called designer shingles, are designed to imitate the look of other types of roof materials, such as slate or cedar shakes. They’re made with the same two-layer structure of laminate shingles but add features that create a unique look for your home. These shingles can also be treated to offer other benefits like wind resistance or solar reflectivity.

Metal Roofs

While metal roofs may be most familiar to homeowners as the roofs on barns and industrial buildings, today’s product is available in designs to match any architectural style. Whether the homeowner is looking for a more traditional look of shingles or a contemporary appearance of standing seam, a metal roof offers superior weather protection and durability that will last many decades with minimal upkeep.

CONS: A metal roof can dent easily. Depending on the type of metal, even small hail can leave dents that require repair or replacement. And while the dents are usually superficial, they can affect the aesthetic of the roof and lower a home’s value. In addition, some types of metal roofing aren’t suited for areas with high temperatures.

Fortunately, the latest coating technologies can significantly limit rust and corrosion in any metal roofing system. These coatings also provide a high level of solar reflectance that helps keep the roof 50 to 60 degrees cooler than a shingle roof in the same area during peak summer weather.

If the homeowner wants to minimize the amount of maintenance required for a metal roof, he or she should consider choosing a panel with concealed fasteners. Exposed fasteners can be vulnerable to water penetration when the screw holes in a metal roof expand and contract with temperature changes. If this happens, the screws may loosen or dislodge from the ridges of the panels. Special resilient washers should be used with these screws and installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

In terms of upkeep, any roof will need some general cleaning and inspection once or twice a year. Metal roofs are no different, but they do tend to require less upkeep than shingle roofs, especially when using a concealed fastener system.

Besides the durability and energy efficiency, homeowners who choose metal roofs will enjoy the added value to their homes. Buyers will likely be willing to pay more for a house with a roof that can’t be damaged by hail, snow or other extreme weather conditions. In fact, a metal roof can add as much as $15,000 in value to a home.

Tile Roofs

Known for their durability, clay, slate and concrete tile roofs add a touch of luxury to a home. They are also one of the most energy efficient roofing options and provide excellent protection against high winds, hail and snow. Tile roofs can last from 50 to 100 years depending on the material and offer a wide range of colors and styles.

Aesthetically, they can match almost any type of house design from medieval to contemporary European, with some tiles designed to resemble traditional asphalt shingles or wood shakes. They are also resistant to rot and insect damage. However, because of their weight, tile roofs require more structural reinforcement than other roofing materials.

The type of roof you choose will have a direct impact on the overall cost of the project and the lifespan of the product. However, because of their long lifespans and superior insulation properties, tile roofs are more affordable over time than most other types of roofing. They also save money on energy bills because air flows naturally beneath them, keeping homes warmer during winter cold snaps and cooler during summer heat waves.

Slate tile is a durable and natural roofing option that has been used by many civilizations. It does not fade over time, unlike asphalt shingles, and can last for centuries. This material is also fireproof and offers a timeless look that can increase the value of a home.

Another popular roofing option is terra cotta roof tile. This material is a more affordable choice than real slate or clay roof tiles, but it still has a timeless appearance and can increase the value of your property. If you are considering a new roof for your home, it is essential to work with an experienced roofing contractor. A roof professional will be able to help you select the right tile for your home and provide expert installation services.

Tile roofs are a great addition to any home but they are not for everyone. You need to be able to maintain the tile roof and keep it in good condition for decades. If you do not want to spend a lot of time maintaining your roof, it is best to go with an asphalt shingle roof.

Wood Roofs

Wood was one of the first roofing materials used and continues to be a popular choice for those who prefer a more traditional look. The material is strong and durable, and it can be stained in many different hues to achieve the desired aesthetic. A wood shingle or shake roof is also an excellent insulator, and laying down additional insulating material under the shakes can help homeowners save on their energy bills.

There are several types of wood that can be used for a residential or commercial roofing project, including fir, cedar, and redwood. Few materials can compare to cedar for moisture and rot resistance, and this type of wood is also extremely long-lasting. Fir and cypress are two budget-friendly alternatives to cedar that can still provide excellent wearability.

While wood is a very environmentally friendly material, it does require more maintenance than other types of roofing materials. Wood shingles and shakes must be treated with fire retardants and other preservatives, which can make them more expensive to maintain over the long term. Wood roofs are also more susceptible to fire damage, and they may raise insurance premiums as a result.

Shakes are thicker than shingles and can be made of pine, spruce, or occasionally oak. The shakes are typically split by hand and can be textured for added weather resistance. There are also shingle-style wood roofs, which have a more traditional appearance and are usually made of spruce or cedar. The shingles are thinner than shakes and can be textured to offer added weather resistance as well.

Whether or not you choose to go with a natural wood shingle or shake roof depends on your home ownership goals. Wood shingles and shakes have a lower return on investment than other types of roofing, and they need to be replaced every 20 years or so. However, they’re an excellent option if you’re looking to enjoy the natural beauty of a real wood roof for a longer period of time.

Wood shingles and shakes are also very vulnerable to moisture, which can cause them to swell, warp, or harbor mold. Adding a moisture barrier to your wood roof can prevent this from occurring, and it’s important to have your wood roof regularly treated to keep it in great shape.